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The recent Ethiopian Airlines crash has once again put the Boeing MAX 8 aircraft in the spotlight. Just five months ago, another MAX 8 being operated by Lion Air crashed, taking the total toll to 346. Aviation is statistically the safest mode of transport, and two crashes within such a short period are alarming. Following the crash, more than 40 countries have grounded the aircraft until further investigations are carried out and changes are made. India's DGCA has also grounded the aircraft and currently Spicejet and Jet Airways operate the plane. With more than 400 aircrafts on order from Indian carriers, the MAX 8 plays a pivotal role in boosting India's aviation market. © Utkarsh Thakkar / @vimanspotter Boeing's MAX series is the successor of 737 Next Generation family (737-700/800/900), and the company is relying on it to churn out profits. Even Boeing has been making aircraft for decades, and its expertise is often unmatched. So, the only question that arises is, how can a modern airliner be this unsafe? The MAX series was Boeing's response to Airbus's A320 NEO family. NEO stands for New Engine Option and while the fuselage remains unchanged, the engines are completely revamped to offer better-operating efficiency. Regional airlines worldwide require planes that are cheaper to operate, especially when aviation fuel is extremely dynamic globally. To compete with the NEO, Boeing started the MAX series and offered up to 14 percent more efficient engines along with increased cabin comfort. But, this came with a small challenge. © Boeing The Ethiopian crash investigation will take months to conclude, but initial data suggest striking similarity between the two crashes. The preliminary report on Lion Air crash is out, and we'll be relying on it to understand MAX 8's major flaw. The MAX 8 is powered by CFM's Leap 1B engines and they are significantly bigger than the previous CFM 56 engines (used in the 737 NG). Adding to this, the 737 was designed decades back and has an exceedingly low ground clearance when compared to the A320. To perfectly fit the new heavier and bigger engines, Boeing had to make minor changes in the design ranging from lengthening the landing gear to moving the engine slightly forward. © Aviation International News It was found that the bigger engine meant the plane handled certain situations differently and there was also a slight shift in the centre of gravity. The relocation and new engine design created an upward movement, nudging the plane's nose upwards. If the nose is lifted sharply, the plane will continue gaining altitude and could also stall mid-air. A stall is when an aeroplane cannot generate enough lift to continue flying. To compensate this upward movement, Boeing added a new system called MCAS (Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System) that prevented the plane from raising its noise to extreme levels. The system would automatically adjust the horizontal stabilizer and bring down the nose. To make these adjustments, MCAS relies on data from the Angle of Attack sensors. © Wikimedia (AoA sensor for reference) These sensors are located on the nose of the aircraft and calculate the angle at which the plane is climbing or descending in comparison to the oncoming air. In the case of Lion Air, faulty sensors triggered the MCAS and automatically the system tried to bring the nose down. According to the flight data recorder, automated MCAS repeatedly pushed the plane's nose down following take-off. The most surprising part of the MCAS though is Boeing hasn't mentioned the addition of this system during pilot training or manuals. This meant the pilot were unaware that a programmed system is trying to bring down the nose. Even if the pilots tried to takeover manual controls, MCAS cannot be simply stopped by moving the yoke. They need to manually trim the aircraft to gain control, but how will they know this procedure when the existence of MCAS is unknown to them? © Reuters The Lion Air pilot had more than 5,000 hours of experience and the Ethiopian pilot had more than 8,000 hours. Preliminary reports do not point towards any kind of crew error. Reports say pilots have in the past complained about a similar nose-down anomaly in FAA's database (US regulator) as well. Following the Lion Air crash, Boeing issued a bulletin to airlines operating the 737 MAX 8 advising pilots how to override the MCAS system. This week, the plane maker also announced it's working on a long-term plan to rejig the system and update shall be applied in the coming months. © Reuters We'll have to wait for the Ethiopian crash report to clear the air whether it was the same MCAS issue that caused the incident, or are there any other flaws in the airliner. Boeing has described the MAX series as its fastest-selling family of planes, with more than 5,000 orders placed to date from about 100 customers. The last time an aircraft suffered successive fatal incidents was the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 in the 70s. With inputs from preliminary report of Indonesian National Transportation Safety Committee and FlightRadar24
ADMIN posted a blog entry in FDF Online NewsThe Samsung Galaxy S10 launch is scheduled for February 20th 2019 and we pretty much know everything about the phone right now. There have been numerous CAD leaks, along with reports on the alleged specifications. But thanks to MKBHD, we're getting a first-hand look at a dummy S10 model that is used by the case or cover makers to closely work with. There are going to be three variants of the S10 this year, the flagship S10, the S10+, and a slightly cheaper S10e. Samsung has been launching two variants of the S-series flagship for quite some time, and now the company wants to lure buyers with a slightly cheaper option that carries flagship enough feature, at a lighter price. Considering the success of the iPhone XR, the S10e seems to be a safe bet right now. We hope it won't cannibalise sales of the elder sibling, just like the cheaper iPhone did. The S10 will have a 6.1-inch display with a 3500mAh battery, while the S10+ shall sport a 6.44-inch display with a 4000mAh battery. The S10e is reported to have a slightly smaller 5.8-inch screen, and maybe even a smaller battery. © YouTube/MKBHD The phone has a signature Samsung design, consisting of metal and glass. The glass back is obviously a fingerprint magnet, and the front is strikingly similar to the previous iterations. The bezels are ultra slim, and the chin has been slightly cut down as well. On the left is a secondary utility button, basically a dedicated button for Bixby smart assistant. The first thing you'll notice about the S10 and S10+ is its camera array. Both sport triple lens setup on the rear, while the S10 has a single front camera. The S10+ gets a dual camera setup on the front, and all the front sensors are housed in a punch-hole design. We've already seen this technology in action with the A8s, and Samsung likes to call it the Infinity-O display. © YouTube/MKBHD The physical fingerprint sensor is no-where to be seen and we're assuming it'll be now located under the display. We've already seen this technology in action with the multiple phones like the Vivo NEX and OnePlus 6T. Lastly, the headphone jack is located on the bottom, and Samsung isn't yet forcing us to move on. This shall be the 10th anniversary of the S-series smartphones, and to make things even more interesting, Samsung could launch an S10+ variant with 1TB of internal storage. However, these are just pre-launch rumours and reports, and we'd ask you to take 'em with a pinch of salt since the final product could definitely vary.
ADMIN posted a blog entry in FDF Online NewsThe OnePlus 6T is slated to launch next month and the number one question in everyone's head is 'What will it look like?' Based on renders leaks, it was rumoured that OnePlus may adopt the water drop notch rather than the one we've already seen on the OnePlus 6. Turns out, that those renders and rumours may actually be true. © SlashLeaks A new poster that reveals the look of the OnePlus 6T was discovered by Slashleaks and it gives us a few details about the upcoming smartphone. The poster clearly shows the previously rumoured notch design and a new slogan 'Unlock The Speed'. The water-droplet design of the notch is quite reminiscent of the ones we've already seen on the Vivo V11 Pro and Oppo F9 Pro. It's not far fetched that OnePlus may have borrowed the design from its sister brands. © Twitter The other interesting feature the leaked poster may have confirmed would be the in-display fingerprint scanner. Previous rumours suggest that OnePlus may have borrowed the in-display unlocking feature from Vivo smartphones and may explain the usage of the word 'unlock'. © Twitter Other leaks and renders have suggested that the OnePlus 6T may sport a triple camera setup, however, it seems highly unlikely. The official teaser published by OnePlus shows only a dual camera setup and there's a high chance that a triple camera setup won't be included. As usual, we can neither confirm or deny if the leaked poster is either real or fake. We advise you to take these rumours with a grain of salt as nothing can be certain until the official launch. The OnePlus 6T is expected to launch on October 17th and we will only know for sure what the smartphone is all about, once it's unveiled officially. Source: SlashLeaks
Food plays cupid for two strangers, they start exchanging messages and calls over a tiffin service and romance sparks between the two. Nope, we're not talking about Irrfan Khan and Nimrat Kaur starrer 'The Lunchbox', although this trailer does give us major vibes of the movie. © neufilm We're talking about 'Once Again', a sweet love story between Shefali Shah and Neeraj Kabi, explaining why everyone deserves a second chance in life. If you are a 'Sacred Games' fan then I don't need to introduce Parulkar or Neeraj Kabi or talk about how talented an actor he is, people know that already. And with this trailer he only cemented that fact. And Shefali Shah doesn't need any introduction. © neufilm Shefali Shah, one of the finest actresses in Bollywood, plays a widowed businesswoman who runs a tiffin service. Neeraj Kabi plays a renowned actor who also happens to be one of her clients. The two soon start bonding over food and exchange notes with tiffins. However, the society does not accept their relationship and they soon find themselves surrounded by ridiculous comments and judgemental looks of people. How the two try to overcome these obstacles weaves the rest of the plot. Written by Kanwal Sethi, 'Once Again' also stars Rasika Duggal and Bidita Bag.